What Causes Heartburn During Pregnancy

One of the many joys of pregnancy is the unique set of symptoms that can accompany it, with heartburn being a common complaint among expectant mothers. Research suggests that around 45 percent of pregnant women experience heartburn at some point during their pregnancy. Understanding the causes of heartburn during pregnancy and learning how to manage it can help alleviate discomfort and improve overall well-being.

What Causes Heartburn During Pregnancy

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Causes of Heartburn During Pregnancy

Heartburn, also known as acid reflux, occurs when stomach acid flows back into the esophagus, causing a burning sensation in the chest and throat. Several factors can contribute to the increased prevalence of heartburn during pregnancy:

Increased Hormone LevelsThe hormone progesterone, vital for maintaining pregnancy, can relax the lower esophageal sphincter (LES), allowing stomach acid to reflux into the esophagus more easily.
Pressure from the Growing UterusAs the uterus expands to accommodate the growing baby, it can exert pressure on the stomach, pushing stomach acids upward.
Slower DigestionThe hormonal changes during pregnancy can lead to slower digestion, prolonging the stomach’s emptying time and increasing the likelihood of acid reflux.
Dietary ChoicesPregnant women may experience heartburn triggered by certain foods, such as spicy or acidic dishes, chocolate, and caffeine.

Remedies for Heartburn During Pregnancy

While heartburn during pregnancy can be challenging, several measures can help alleviate symptoms and improve comfort:

Dietary And Lifestyle Changes

Simple modifications to diet and lifestyle can often make a significant difference in managing heartburn:

  • Avoiding spicy, greasy, and acidic foods
  • Eating smaller, more frequent meals
  • Avoiding lying down immediately after eating
  • Using extra pillows to elevate the head while sleeping

Natural Remedies

Many pregnant women find relief from heartburn through natural remedies:

  • Chewing gum after meals to increase saliva production, which can neutralize stomach acid
  • Drinking a glass of milk to help soothe the burning sensation
  • Consuming ginger, either in tea or as a supplement, to ease digestion and reduce acidity

Over-the-counter Medications

If lifestyle and natural remedies are not providing sufficient relief, pregnant women can consider over-the-counter antacids that are deemed safe for use during pregnancy. However, it’s essential to consult with a healthcare provider before taking any medication during pregnancy.


When to Seek Medical Advice

While occasional heartburn is common during pregnancy, persistent or severe symptoms should not be ignored. Pregnant women should seek medical advice if they experience:

  • Frequent heartburn that persists despite dietary and lifestyle changes
  • Difficulty swallowing or pain upon swallowing
  • Unexplained weight loss
  • Bloody or black stools

These symptoms could indicate a more severe condition, such as gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) or an ulcer, which may require medical intervention.

Frequently Asked Questions Of What Causes Heartburn During Pregnancy

What Causes Heartburn During Pregnancy?

Heartburn during pregnancy is caused by hormonal changes and the growing uterus putting pressure on the stomach.

How Does Heartburn Affect Pregnant Women?

Heartburn can cause discomfort, burning sensation, and regurgitation of stomach acid, impacting daily activities and sleep quality.

Can Heartburn During Pregnancy Harm The Baby?

Heartburn does not harm the baby directly, but severe cases may affect the mother’s eating habits and nutrient intake.

How Can Pregnant Women Prevent Heartburn?

Pregnant women can prevent heartburn by eating small, frequent meals, avoiding acidic and spicy foods, and sitting upright after eating.


Heartburn during pregnancy can be uncomfortable, but understanding the contributing factors and implementing effective remedies can help manage symptoms. By making simple dietary and lifestyle adjustments, incorporating natural remedies, and seeking appropriate medical advice when necessary, expectant mothers can navigate this common pregnancy discomfort with greater ease and comfort.

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